The Atlantean verb: other moods; auxiliaries
Present conditional (I should…) was formed by interpolating –EHE- for 1st conjugation verbs, and –OHE- for second conjugation ones. For the past, interpolate –AHE- for all verbs.
I should take = lembehen (present conditional); I should sleep = sounohen (present conditional)
I should have taken = lembahen (past conditional)NECESSITATIVE MOOD
This was purely literary. There were three tenses.
For the present, interpolate –EXE- or –OXE-. between the root and the (abbreviated) pronomial endings. For the past, use -AXE. For the future, use -EAXE. Thus:
I must take = lembexen (present necessitative); I must sleep = sounoxen (present necessitative)
I had to take = lembaxen (past necessitative);
I shall have to take = lembeaxen (future necessitative)
Other tenses were formed using the indicative of the main verb plus TOUTAUE ("of necessity"). This was also how the present, past and future were formed in the colloquial language.IMPERATIVE / PERMISSIVE MOOD
imperative mood, being the form of the verb used to give orders in the
second person, singular and plural, was formed by the simple root of the
verb, followed by the second person (singular or plural) of the present
tense of TEH (to do).
Take! (singular) = lemb tehetu!
Take! (plural) = lemb tehetes!
This imperative formation could also be used in the first and third persons in a permissive sense, meaning "let..." or "may..." someone do something. Thus:
Let me take / may I take = lemb tehenu
To form the infinitive of a verb, simply prefix EI (or ED if before a following vowel) before the root.
eg: To do = ei teh.
This was mostly used in the written language, only, by the time of Classical Atlantean. It was used in "if" clauses, and in certain other places, such as after verbs of saying, believing, doubting, etc.
There are only three tenses, present, past and future. For the present, interpolate IE or IO between root and endings. For the past, put in IA. For the future, IERA. Note that the pronominal endings which follow are the full forms. Thus:
THE PASSIVE VOICE.
All the above tenses have been active. There existed also a passive voice (meaning, for example, "it was taken" instead of "it took"). Endings existed for this, in the present, past and future, which were literary and somewhat rare. The method was to interpolate –PHE- between the active indicative tense vowel and the (abbreviated) personal endings, eg
There is also a passive infinitive, with ei / ed and eph
/ oph, aph, eaph added to the root for the present, past and future.
More common in the colloquial language, and the only method for all other tenses, was to use the (irregular) verb AIS ("to be") in the relevant tense, plus the past participle of the verb. (For the conjugation of irregular verbs like AIS, see the separate section. So:
This form of the passive can also be used with the conditional of AIS, but only in two tenses, the present and past, and it is not possible at all with the form using -PH-.
I should have been taken = aisahen lembaxa
Atlantean only uses auxiliary verbs in the same way as English in the
case of "to be able", "can".
In other cases, Atlantean uses a particular tense or mood, often with
an adverb. This is so with:
"May / might (possibly)" = the indicative tense plus exehe ("possibly")
"Ought to" = the conditional mood plus toutaue ("of necessity")
"Should / would" = the straight conditional mood.
"..like to.." = the indicative mood plus malcehe ("willingly")
"Want to" = the conditional
mood plus malcehe ("willingly")
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